This area deals with acoustic, physiological, psychoacoustic and computational aspects of phonetics and linguistics.
The acoustic source of voiced speech sounds is located at the vocal folds (glottis). During phonation a quite complex interaction between the control of the subglottal air pressure and the muscles of the glottis takes place. The periodic opening and closing of the vocal folds produces air pressure pulses generating a harmonic source spectrum with decaying amplitudes of the partials from the fundamental frequency by -12dB/octave. The acoustic radiating characteristic at the lip opening provides a gain of +6 dB/octave that the net decay of the amplitude spectrum results at -6dB.
The pharynx and and the oral cavity act as adjustable resonance volumes shaping the glottal source spectrum to the known vowel sounds (timbre). In case of the lowered velum the nasal cavity is coupled to the vocal tract influencing the spectrum of voiced sounds.
Individual and social life finds its expression in speech. Even subtle, prosodic and segment differences in speech are perceived. The monophthongisation of dipthongs (/aE/ und /aO/) is the result of a century's progressive change. The development of the monophthongisation is both individually and regionally specific. The first fomant graph (F1, F2) shows two Viennese speakers, black dipthongs (D) and red monopthongs (M). The second format graph shows 2 Lower Styrian speakers (black dipthongs (D) and red monopthongs (M)). The /O/ quality (Vienna, M) and the /A/ quality (Lower Styria, M) are audible.
The impact of emotion on speech behavior is investigated in both studio and real-life recordings.
During a long-standing cooperation with the Commission for linguistics and communication sciences of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, a huge amount of material on Austrian German has been collected.
Phonological and phonetic reduction processes in Austrian German and in several other languages, including Albanian, Serbian, Romanian, Italian and Tibetan, is being investigated; formant measurements for vowel quality considerations are measured.
The Acoustics Research department has acquired over the years a huge amount of real-life recordings of Austrian dialect speakers (more than 200 different speakers); this material is used for sociophonetic as well as emotion and speech studies.
Several students are currently working on foreigner talk, especially with L1: Polish / L2: German.
First language acquisition
A relational child language database is being built containing full transcriptions in orthographic and phonetic format and several other devices for corpus analyses such as phonological and morphological information. Apart from the entries of the database are linked with the corresponding digital sound signals so that immediate access to the original data as well as automatic phonetic analyses are possible. The database will mainly contain data from the child Bernd (Austrian German) but also from other children speaking French, Polish and various other languages.
Formant Candidate Extraction LPC-spectrogram with peak detection (to probe further: see S_TOOLS-STx)
We are grateful to the Bundeskriminalamt for kindly agreeing to host the event.
Address: Josef Holaubek-Platz 1, 1090 Wien. Click here for a map.
Welcome Drink on 24th of July at the Acoustics Research Institute.
Address: Wohllebengasse 12-14, 1040 Wien. Click here for a map.
Acoustic phonetics involves the study of speech production and perception in regard to higher grammatical levels, especially phonology. The acoustic model of speech production computes the resonances of the vocal tract during different articulatory configurations. Formant frequencies, fundamental frequency, amplitude spectra and duration are used to describe language varieties phonetically. The results are interpreted within a phonological framework. The focus of our group lies on insufficiently described languages and language varieties.
We also develop new speech synthesis technology where our phonetic analyses are applied. The technologies range from acoustic and audio-visual speech synthesis, dialect and accent transformation to singing synthesis. In dialect synthesis we developed methods to generate in-between varieties that lie between a standard and a dialect, and thereby allow for a more realistic speech output production. Visual speech synthesis allows for the animation of a virtual character from textual input.
PD Dr. Eva Reinisch, Head of the Group
Although English is our primary working language, this document has been written in German and we cannot provide an English translation yet. We apologize for the inconvenience.
The public transportation system in Vienna is very good and usually safe. Single und bulk tickets are available at the ticket sales offices of the Vienna Transport Authority, at tobacconists and from vending machines in the underground stations. Tickets must be punched in a blue ticket cancelling machine in the tram or bus or at the barrier before you board the underground train. So if you don't have too much luggage, we recommend using it (though taxis are also reliable).
For your trip scheduling we refer you to Wienerlinien.
Car parking is a problem in central Vienna. You need to buy parking tickets in advance (for up to 1h30 available at tobaccionists) to be positioned above the dashboard visible in your car, and a few hours parking can be expensive. Therefore you should consider parking your car outside central Vienna and using public transportation. On special request contact us.
The conference takes place at the Bundeskriminalamt, Josef Holaubek Platz 1, 1090 Wien.
Here you can see the map.
After passing the customs clearance, head towards the City Airport Train of the arrival hall. Take the "CAT" (City Airport Train. Tickets on the platform: € 8,-) to Vienna "Wien-Mitte-Landstraße". From there, take the U4 towards "Heiligenstadt" (tickets in the entrance hall: € 1,80,-), and exit at the 5th stop "Spittelau". Take the exit to the Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU), then keep to the right untill the entrance of the Bundeskriminalamt.
The S-Bahn is a low priced way of getting from the airport to Vienna. Ticket machines are on the platforms at the airport (€ 3,60 including travel on Vienna public transport). You take the S-Bahn to "Wien-Mitte-Landstraße". From there, take the U4 towards "Heiligenstadt" (you don't need an additional ticket), and exit at the 5th stop "Spittelau". Take the exit to the Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU), then keep to the right untill the entrance of the Bundeskriminalamt
In front of the arrival hall you will find the Vienna Ariport Lines. Tickets (€ 7,00) are available by the bus driver. Take the bus to Morzinplatz/Schwedenplatz. Here you can see the way from the bus station to the underground station Schwedenplatz. From there, take the U4 towards "Heiligenstadt" (tickets in the entrance hall: € 1,80,-), and exit at the 5th stop "Spittelau". Take the exit to the Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU), then keep to the right untill the entrance of the Bundeskriminalamt.
If you arrive by train in one of the following major train stations in Vienna, here are instructions on how to find the conference venue:
The underground, tram and bus stops, closest to the Bundeskriminalamt are:
"Spittelau" on the line U4 (green) and U6 (brown). Arriving at station Spittelau take the exit to the WU (Vienna University of Economics and Business), then keep to the right untill the entrance of the Bundeskriminalamt.
Using tram D exit at the stop "Liechtenwerder Platz" (here you can see the map) or Bus 35A at the stop "Spittelau" in front of the Bundeskriminalamt.
The Welcome Reception on 24th July takes place at the Acoustics Research Institute, Wohllebengasse 12-14,1st floor, 1040 Wien.
Here you can see the map.
After passing the customs clearance, head towards the City Airport Train of the arrival hall. Take the "CAT" (City Airport Train. Tickets on the platform: € 8,-) to Vienna "Wien-Mitte-Landstraße". From there, take the U4 towards "Hütteldorf" (tickets in the entrance hall: € 1,80,-), and exit at the 2nd stop "Karlsplatz". Take the exit Resselpark. Proceed as described below by looking out for (1) the Technical University of Vienna main building and (2) the "Karlskirche" church. Here you can see the way.
The S-Bahn is a low priced way of getting from the airport to Vienna. Ticket machines are on the platforms at the airport (€ 3,60 including travel on Vienna public transport). You take the S-Bahn to "Wien-Mitte-Landstraße". From there, take the U4 towards "Hütteldorf" (you don't need an additional ticket), and exit at the 2nd stop "Karlsplatz". Take the exit Resselpark. Proceed as described below by looking out for (1) the Technical University of Vienna main building and (2) the "Karlskirche" church. Here you can see the way.
In front of the arrival hall you will find the Vienna Ariport Lines. Tickets (€ 7,00) are available by the bus driver. Take the bus to Morzinplatz/Schwedenplatz. Here you can see the way from the bus station to the underground station Schwedenplatz. From there, take the U4 towards "Hütteldorf" (tickets in the entrance hall: € 1,80,-), to the stop "Karlsplatz" take the exit Resselpark, proceed the Argentinierstraße and turn left into the Wohllebengasse. Here you can see the map.
If you arrive by train in one of the following major train stations in Vienna, here are instructions on how to find us.
Westbahnhof: take the underground line U3 (orange) towards "Simmering" and change at "Stephansplatz" onto the U1 (direction "Reumannplatz"). Exit at the first stop "Karlsplatz". Take the exit Resselpark, proceed the Argentinierstraße and turn left into the Wohllebengasse. Here you can see the map.
Spittelau: take the underground line U4 (green) towards "Hütteldorf" to the stop "Karlsplatz". There take the exit Resselpark, proceed the Argentinierstraße and turn left into the Wohllebengasse. Here you can see the map.
The underground and tram stops which are closest to the ARI are:
"Karlsplatz (Technical University of Vienna)" on the U2 (purple/violet) or U4 (green) line and U1 (red).
Trams: Number 1 or 2 "Schwarzenbergplatz" (if you are coming around the "Ring"), and tram D. In all cases, you should get off at the "Schwarzenbergplatz" stop. Proceed to Prinz-Eugenstraße and turn right into Wohllebengasse. Here you can see the map.
Arriving by underground at Karlsplatz you should find it easy to orient yourself by looking out for (1) the Technical University of Vienna main building and (2, left-hand) the "Karlskirche" church. Proceed to Argentinierstraße and turn left into the Wohllebengasse. Here you can see the map.
Call for Papers
You are invited to submit an abstract of a paper for presentation at the IAFPA 2011 Annual Conference by 15 April 2011 (24 April 2011 Deadline extension). Abstracts will be considered by the Scientific Committee and you should receive confirmation about whether the paper has been accepted by 31th May 2011. We welcome abstracts on topics such as:
A special session will be dedicated to the ongoing and important discussion of presenting evidence in court.
The topics listed above are not a complete list, and other topics would be welcome if they promote the aims of IAFPA, which are to 'foster research and provide a forum for the interchange of ideas and information on practice, development and research in forensic phonetics and acoustics set down and enforce standards of professional conduct and procedure for those involved in forensic phonetic and acoustic casework'.
Please note that the official language of the conference is English.
Abstracts should be a maximum of 2 pages in length.
In order to ensure that the abstracts have the same format for the conference programme, there is a template which you are asked to use. The template was devised by Anders Eriksson and his team for the 2006 Conference. It uses Microsoft Word and the rtf format to maximize the chances that it will produce the same end result regardless of whether you are a Mac, PC or Linux user. Please replace the text in the template with your own text. Please submit your abstract both as an rtf file and converted to a pdf file with fonts included. The rtf files will be reviewed minus the author information by the Scientific Committee.
The template can be downloaded by right-clicking the link below and selecting 'Save Link As...'.
Blocks of rooms have been reserved at the following hotels offering special conference rates. If you would like to stay at one of these, please mention "IAFPA" when making the reservation directly at the hotels.
|Hotel||Prices Single/Double||Special rates apply until||Contact Address||Maps|
Augasse 15, 1090 Wien
65,-/Double single use
Julius Tandler Platz 4, 1090 Wien
Althanstraße 5, 1090 Wien
Viriotgasse 5, 1090 Wien
IAFPA 20th Annual Conference - Vienna, Austria 24 - 27 July 2011
|Papers believed to be eligible for the student prize are indicated by ** against their name.|
|16.00 - 21.00||
|16.00 - 19.00||Registration - Acoustics Research Institute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wohllebengasse 12-14, 1040 Vienna|
|19.00 - 21.00||Welcome Reception - Acoustics Research Institute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wohllebengasse 12-14, 1040 Vienna|
|08.00 - 09.00||Registration - Bundeskriminalamt, Josef Holaubek-Platz 1, 1090 Wien|
|09.00 - 09.30||
Official Opening of the Conference
Andrea Raninger, Acting Director of the . BK
Peter French, President of IAFPA
Angelika Braun, Chair of IAFPA
Werner A. Deutsch, Director of ARI
| Mon S1
||First Session - Automatic Speech Sample & Voice Comparison 1||Chair: Anders Eriksson|
|09.30 - 10.00||Speaker Line-up Callibration of the i-vector Based Speaker Recognition System for Forensic Application||Miranti Indar Mandasari; Mitchell McLaren; David A. van Leeuwen|
|10.00 - 10.30||The Effect of MP3 Compression on Automatic Voice Comparison||Timo Becker; Franz Broß; Torsten Meier|
|10.30 - 11.00||Tea & Coffee Break|
|Mon S2||Second Session - Automatic Speech Sample & Voice Comparison 2||Chair: Michael Jessen|
|11.00 - 11.30||Age and Gender Recognition from Speech Patterns Based on Supervised Non-Negative Matrix Factorization||Mohamad Hasan Bahari; Hugo Van hamme|
|11.30 - 12.00||Evaluating a Forensic Speaker Recognition using MFCC and LPC-residual||Jose B. Trangol; Abel Herrera|
|12.00 - 12.30||Influence of the size of the population dataset on the results produced by the Batvox software||David van der Vloed; D. Meuwly; R. Haraksim; J. Vermeulen|
|12.30 - 13.00||BATSCHOOL - A Certification Program for Forensic Automatic Speaker Recognition||Antonio Moreno|
|13.00 - 14.00||Lunch|
|Mon S3||Third Session - Perception||Chair: Martin Duckworth|
|14.00 - 14.30||Speaker Recognition Ability of Blind and Sighted Subjects||Almut Braun**|
|14.30 - 15.00||The role of Voice quality "settings" in perceived voice similarity||Francis Nolan; Peter French; Kirsty McDougall; Louisa Stevens; Toby Hudson|
|15.00 - 15.30||Acoustic correlates of perceived voice similarity: a comparison of two accents of English||Kirsty McDougall|
|15.30 - 16.00||Tea & Coffee Break|
|Mon S4||Fourth Session - Regional Accents and Change||Chair: Kirsty McDougall|
|16.00 - 16.30||Comparison of auditory assessment of voice pitch and acoustic values of F0, formant frequencies (F1, F2, F3 and F4) and region assessment of Croatian speakers||Gabrijela Kisicek; Gordana Varosanec-Skaric|
|16.30 - 17.00||Towards an Index of Idiolectal Similitude for British English and Mexican Spanish phonology||Núria Gavaldà Ferré; Fernanda López Escobedo|
|17.00 - 17.30||Changes in the voice across the adult lifespan||Richard Rhodes**|
|Tues, SpS||Special Session - Presenting Evidence at Court||Chair: Tina Cambier-Langeveld|
|09.00 - 09.10||Introduction||Anders Eriksson|
|09.10 - 09.30||Forensic speaker comparison evidence: The international picture||Erica Gold|
|09.30 - 09.50||Presenting evidence in court - Some fundamental problems to be considered||Anders Eriksson|
|09.50 - 10.10||Expert evidence in court - developments and changes in the UK position||Peter French|
|10.10 - 10.30||Conclusions on voice comparison evidence in Germany and a challenging case||Michael Jessen|
|10.30 - 11.00||Tea & Coffee Break|
|11.00 - 12.00||Panel Discussion|
|Tues, S5||Fifth Session - Acoustic Analysis||Chair: Hermann Künzel|
|12.00 - 12.30||Formant Measurement Errors from Real Speech||Phillip Harrison|
|12.30 - 13.00||Speaker-variance ratios in forensically-realistic vowel formant data: Normalising for consonantal context||Frantz Clermont|
|13.00 - 14.00||Lunch|
|Tues, S6||Sixth Session - Acoustic Measurements||Chair: Francis Nolan|
|14.00 - 14.30||Intra- and inter-speaker variability in acoustic properties of English /s/||Colleen Kavanagh**|
|14.30 - 15.00||Investigations on the speech spectrum of normal and loud speech||Corinna Harwardt**|
|15.00 - 15.30||Acoustic discriminant analysis of full pauses for voice comparison||Jordi Cicres|
|15.30 - 16.00||Tea & Coffee Break|
|16.00 - 18.00||IAFPA Annual General Meeting|
|Wed, S7||Seventh Session - Telephone effect & Enhancement & Disquise||Chair: Peter French|
|09.00 - 09.30||Effect of Telephone-Line Transmission and Digital Audio Format on Formant Tracking Measurements||Christoph Meinerz; Herbert Masthoff|
|09.30 - 10.00||"No, thank you for the music": An application of audio fingerprinting and automatic music signal cancellation for forensic audio enhancement||Anil Alexander; Oscar Forth|
|10.00 - 10.30||Investigating the acoustic correlates of deceptive speech||Christin Kirchhübel**|
|10.30 - 11.00
||Tea & Coffee Break|
|Wed, S8||Eightth Session -Disguise||Chair: Angelika Braun|
|11.00 - 11.30||Acoustic Characteristics of Distress Speech in Real Victims and Trained Actors||Lisa Roberts**|
|11.30 - 12.00||Impersonation in Forensic Casework: Case of Tommy Sheridan||Elizabeth McClelland|
|12.00 - 12.30||Speaking under cover: The impact of face-concealing garments on the acoustics of fricatives||Natalie Fecher|
|12.30 - 13.00||FAIC - Foreign Accent Imitation Corpus||Sara Neuhauser|
|13.00 - 14.00||Lunch|
|Wed, S9||Ninth Session - Varia||Chair: Sylvia Moosmüller|
|14.00 - 14.30||Reference Corpus of Durch drug users I: MDMA /Ecstasy||Viktoria Papp; Maartje Schreuder; Eef Theunissen; Jan Ramaeker s|
|14.30 - 15.00||Expectancy bias and forensic speaker identification||Maartje Schreuder|
|15.00 - 15.30||Language analysis and forensic phonetics: relevant similarities and crucial differences||Tina Cambier-Langeveld|
|15.30||Closing of the Conference|
|17.30||Guided tour of St. Stephen's Cathedral|
| Programme for IAFPA 2011 Satellite Event, Vienna, 28th July 2011
|Elicitation of Forensic Speech Samples|
|Location: Bundeskriminalamt, Josef Holaubek-Platz 1, 1090 Wien|
|09.00 - 09.20||Welcome and Introduction|
|09.20 - 10.00||On the advantages of direct analysis when conducting language analysis||Jens Östlund|
|10.00 - 10.40||Obtaining reference material: NFI procedures||Jos Vermeulen; Paula Cortés|
|10.40 - 11.10||Tea & Coffee Break|
|11.10 - 11.50||Language analysis interviews in the Dutch asylum procedure||Anne-Marieke Samson|
|11.50 - 12.30||Structured elicitation or recording spontaneous speech in LADO from the perspective of African Linguistics||Peter Gottschligg|
|12.30 - 13.30||Lunch|
|13.30 - 14.10||Jasmina Gustavsen|
|14.10 - 14.50||Eliciting spontaneous and natural speech for the purpose of LADO||Anna de Graf; Jan ten Thije; Maaike Verrips|
|14.50 - 15.30||Discussion|