STx uses a special syntax to address a segment of a sound file. The syntax allows for the mixed use of segment names and time values in a complex expression known as a "segment expression". Segment expressions can be used in all commands and dialogs where a signal segment (or position/duration) can be specified (exceptions are described in the Command Reference). In dialogs, the supported value formats/types are always described in the control/dialog caption.
A label expression is a position in a sound file (e.g. the begin/end of a segment) or the duration of a segment. A label expression may consist of a sign (+/-) and one or more values formatted as described below and combined with the operators + (add) or – (subtract). If a label expression contains blanks, it must be quoted when used as an argument.
|segmentname:B||start time of segment segmentname|
|segmentname:E||end time of segment segmentname|
|segmentname:L||duration (length) of segment segmentname|
|numberS||time in seconds|
|numberMS||time in milliseconds|
|number||number of samples|
A segment expression addresses a part of a soundfile with a non-zero duration. It can consist of (1) a segment name or (2) two label expressions specifying the beginning and end or (3) two label expressions specifying a position and the duration.
|labelexpression_labelexpression||(beginning and end)|
|labelexpression_+labelexpression||(beginning and duration)|
|labelexpression_-labelexpression||(end and duration)|
addresses 0 samples to 4 seconds
addresses 100 samples after the beginning of SegmentB for a duration of 10 seconds
addresses the beginning of SegmentA to the end of SegmentB
addresses 100 milliseconds before the end of SegmentB to the end of SegmentB
Notes: For some expressions, the values
number% (percentage of the full duration) and
number%% (thousandths of the full duration) can be used, but only if the 'full signal' is available/defined (e.g. for envelopes of sequence signals).A
segmentname can only be used if a sound file or an audio-element of an XML-file is involved in the expression evaluation.Segment names are case sensitive!